Row Matrix A matrix is called a row matrix, if it has only one row. e.g., the matrix $ M = \begin {bmatrix} 2 & -1 & 7 \\ \end{bmatrix} $ is a row matrix of order 1-by-3 and $ N = \begin {bmatrix} 1 & -1 \\ \end{bmatrix} $ is a row matrix of order 1-by-2. Column Matrix A ...

Read More »# Mathematics

## Exercise 1.1 (Math 9)

Question 1. Find the order of the following matrices. Solution: $$ A = \begin {bmatrix} 2 & 3 \\ -5 & 6 \\ \end{bmatrix} $$ Order of matrix A is 2-by-2 $$ B = \begin {bmatrix} 2 & 0 \\ 3 & 5 \\ \end{bmatrix} $$ Order of matrix B is 2-by-2 $$ C = \begin {bmatrix} 2 ...

Read More »## Exercise 1.1 (Math 10)

Question 1. Write the following quadratic equations in the standard form and point out pure quadratic equations. $ \pmb{ (i). \;\;\;\;\; (x + 7) (x – 3) = -7} $ Solution: The given quadratic equation is $$ (x + 7) (x – 3) = -7 \;\;\;\;\; (i) $$ Multiplying the expressions $ (x + 7) $ and $ (x – ...

Read More »## Solution of Quadratic Equation by factorization

In this method, write the quadratic equation in the standard form as ax2 + bx + c = 0 (i) If two numbers r and s can be found for the equation (i) such that r + s = b and rs = ac then ax2 + bx + c can be factorized into two linear factors. Example Solve the ...

Read More »## Matrices and Determinants

The matrices and determinants are used in the field of Mathematics, Physics, Statistics, Electronics and other branches of science. The matrices have played a very important role in this age of computer science. The idea of matrices was given by Arthur Cayley, an English mathematician of nineteenth century, who first developed, “Theory of Matrices” in 1858. Matrix A rectangular array ...

Read More »## Solution of Quadratic Equation by Completing Square

To solve a quadratic equation by the method of completing square is illustrated through the following examples. Example Solve the equation x2 − 3x − 4 = 0 by completing square. Solution: x2 − 3x − 4 = 0 (i) Shifting constant term −4 to the right, we have x2 − 3x = 4 (ii) Adding the square of ...

Read More »## Solution of Quadratic Equations

To find the solution set of a quadratic equation, following methods are used: factorization completing square use of quadratic formula

Read More »## Quadratic Equations

An equation of 2nd degree is called quadratic equation. In more detail, the quadratic equation is an equation, which contains the square of the unknown (variable) quantity, but no higher power. General or standard form of a quadratic equation: It is a 2nd degree equation in one variable x of the form as below, where a ≠ 0 and a, b, ...

Read More »## Subset

Set A is said to be a subset of a set B, if and only if each element of A is an element of B. It is denoted by A ⊆ B Super Set If a set A is a subset of set B then set B is a super set of set A. It is denoted by B ⊇ ...

Read More »## Sets

A set is a collection of well defined distinct objects or symbols. Well defined objects mean that the objects possess a property that enables one to determine whether a given object is in the collection or not. For example, a set cannot consist of elements like moral values, concepts, evils or virtues. Element of a set Each object in the ...

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